Khakassia - Mecca of Archaeological Discovery in Siberia

Written by 56th Parallel

Khakassia is Siberia’s smallest region but one of Russia’s undiscovered historical gems considered a mecca of archaeological discovery within Siberia.


Located in the south-west, Khakassia borders on the Kemorovo, Altai and Tuva regions of Russia. It has a population of 532,403, one third of whom live in the capital city of Abakhan.

Khakassia nature


What Khakassia lacks in size it makes up for in its colourful impression. From the deep reds of the regions archeological sites to the vibrant greens of the Sayan mountain trails, each turn is brimming with a brand new experience.

Khakassia landscape

The region may only occupy a small corner of Russia but its ancient artifacts and mysterious monuments make it one of the richest archeological sites in the world. Khakassia’s many fortresses and inscriptions trace Russia’s historical origins back to its early Mongol origins. Menhirs, or standing stones, populate the area, creating a unique backdrop to every adventure.

The valley of Kings Khakasia

Khakassia is famous for its many lakes, including the Lake Shira known for its deep-blue mineral water that stretches for 935 kilometres across the region. Other lakes in Khakassia include the healing lakes Tus and Hankel and the pure-crystal water lake Marankul. Each lake in Khakassia is home to an array of rich and rare varieties of flora and fauna.

Belyo lake Khakasia

Having more sunny days than any other region in Siberia and a mild temperature from late June, summer provides the perfect climate to explore Khakassia’s natural and historical marvels and take advantage of the 500 beautiful lakes across the region.

Khakassia summer


Khakassia is also a deeply cultural region of Russia, having a special link to Russia’s ancient origins and indigenous people.

Music is an integral part of Khakassia lifestyle and the practice of throat-singing, called ‘khai’ or ‘kai,’ needs to be heard to believe. Singers in the region manipulate the sounds travelling from their lungs and produce a completely unique melody to the Khakassia and bordering Altai regions.

Khakassia culture

shaman ceremony Khakassia

Year-round the capital city of Abakan hosts many visitors through the republic’s regional Museum, the old Siberian city of Minusinsk’s local markets and the spectacular Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral.

Spasso-Preobrajensky Cathedral Abakan

During traditional Russian festivities, Abakham comes alive. Maslenitsa, an annual event involving a large open-air festival, is traditionally known as Russia’s farewell to winter. Following harsh cold conditions, the population is more than ready to embrace the imminent end of winter with food, drink and festive spirit.

Festival in Khakasia

Khakasia festival

Discover more about the activities offered in the historic region of Khakassia and how 56th Parallel can help you get there.

Related posts

Kamchatka travel guideThe essential Kamchatka travel guideIf you’re the type of traveller who tends to avoid the well-trodden path in search of...
Olkhon Island9 reasons to visit Olkhon Island on Lake BaikalVisiting Olkhon Island is just like travelling back in time, a journey back to nature. I will...
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia, Red square16 must visit UNESCO world heritage sites in RussiaDid you know that there are currently 26 UNESCO world heritage sites in Russia? That makes Russia...

About 56th Parallel

56th Parallel is a travel company specialising in providing packaged tours and travel services in Russia.

Our goal is to redefine travel to Russia, focusing on creating the most rewarding experiences, which help travellers unfolds the soul of this exciting destination.

Articles by Category

Russia Tour Finder

< Return


Travel Style


If you have any urgent questions or enquiries, please give us a call +61 2 9388 9816